Last update: 23 August 2022

Buildings in the content of the Plan (extracted from the REC/E3G French Country Profile)


The NRRP builds on ‘France Relance’, a large €93.4bn recovery package drawing on funding from both the domestic and EU budgets presented in September 2020. Around 42% of ‘France Relance’ funding (€39.4bn) is included in the NRRP. A total of €6.7bn are allocated to building renovation within the ‘France Relance’ package (7.2%), of which €5.8 bn is financed through the NRRP (14% of NRRP funding). The largest amount allocated is to schools & public administration (€4 bn, of which €3.8bn NRRP), followed by private housing (€2bn, of which €1.4bn NRRP), social housing (€0.5bn, all NRRP) and businesses (€0.2bn, of which €0.12bn NRRP). Further measures to support cultural sectors and heritage renovation (€0.08bn), and medico-social establishments (‘PAI immobilier’ or Real Estate Investment Support Plan part, €1.3bn) are included in other parts of the Plan where the primary objective is not energy renovation.

Read the full French Country Profile here.

Disbursements’ timeline


  • 2021-08-19: The European Commission disbursed € 5.117.881.402 in pre-financing to France (13% of its financial allocation under the RRF, fully consisting of grants).
  • 2021-11-25: France and the European Commission sign the Operational Arrangements.
  • 2021-11-29: France submitted the first payment request of €7.4 billion (net of pre-financing). This first payment request relates to 38 milestones covering several reforms.
  • 2022-01-26: The Commission published a positive preliminary assessment of the satisfactory fulfilment of all 38 milestones and target in relation to the first payment request.
  • 2022-03-04: The Commission disbursed the first payment of €7.4 billion to France.

Indicative timeline for future payment requests (based on the signed operational arrangements)


Payment Request for the First Instalment EUR 8.505.747.126 Q4 2021
Payment Request for the Second Instalment EUR 14.597.701.149 Q4 2022
Payment Request for the Third Instalment EUR 7.931.034.483 Q4 2023
Payment Request for the Fourth Instalment EUR 3.793.103.448 Q4 2024
Payment Request for the Fifth Instalment EUR 4.540.732.267 Q2 2026

Table of buildings' measures (categorised under their specific instalments)


Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Implemented Reform C1.R1: Housing policy Entry into force of the legislative changes to review the calculation modalities of APL to reflect current income of the households.
Implemented Investment C1.I1: Energy renovation of private housing, including energy sieves 1 404.5 400.000 households by Q4 2021 which have been granted a MPR.
Implemented Investment C1.I2: Energy renovation and major rehabilitation of social housing 500 20.000 by Q4 2021 dwellings within the category of social housing receiving a grant for renovation, with an objective of achieving at least 30% of energy savings on average.
Implemented Investment C1.I3: Thermal renovation of public buildings 3 800 2.900 renovation projects of public sites belonging to the State, for which at least one renovation works contract has been notified, with an objective of achieving at least 30% of energy savings on average.
Implemented Investment C4.I1: Innovate for the green transition 7 ‘acceleration strategies’ validated. This investment shall finance innovation projects, building on seven ‘acceleration strategies’ on the green transition: Sustainable cities and innovative buildings. Aiming to reduce urban sprawl to the detriment of agricultural land and natural spaces, and to make cities more resource-efficient, resilient, inclusive and productive, this strategy shall support innovative and replicable territorial demonstrators, with a focus in particular on the definition of tools and methods to promote the large-scale deployment of energy renovation of buildings; structuring the wood and geo-sourced materials sector with a view to carbon neutrality; and the digital transition of cities and artificial intelligence.
Implemented Investment C2.I2: Urban densification: sustainable construction 350 This measure aims to help 1 200 municipalities increase housing density, in areas affected by the housing shortage. The support to dense housing operations shall help limiting urban sprawl and preserving biodiversity and agricultural land. Furthermore, the new thermal regulation RE2020 (cf. reform 2 of this component), whose objective is to reduce the carbon impact of new buildings and to increase their energy performance, shall apply to these operations. A flat-rate aid shall be allocated to municipal authorities, provided that several conditions are met: (i) compliance with the obligations imposed by the “Solidarity and Urban Renewal Act” of 2000, by which social housing must represent 20% of the residential stock; (ii) the construction programme must include at least two dwellings exceeding certain density thresholds and subject to previous urban authorization. The density thresholds, expressed in square meters of floor areas constructed per square meters of land area, result from cross-analysis combining population criteria (size and density in the municipality or grouping of municipalities) and the typology of the housing stock (such as built density, vacancy, proportion of social housing and second homes and average household size).
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Reform C1.R2: Revised thermal regulation RE2020 Entry into force of legislative changes included in the new RE2020 in order to reduce GHG emissions of new constructions, improve the energy performance of new buildings and adapt new buildings to climate change.
Not implemented Investment C1.I3: Thermal renovation of public buildings 3 800 1.954 public buildings belonging to local and regional authorities (LRAs, including municipalities and grouping of municipalities) that have been the subject of a subsidy notification from the State or the Regional Council for energy renovation works, with an objective of achieving at least 30% of energy savings on average.
Not implemented Investment C1.I1: Energy renovation of private housing, including energy sieves 1 404.5 700.000 households (baseline is 400.000) by Q4 2022 which have been granted a MPR.
Not implemented Investment C1.I2: Energy renovation and major rehabilitation of social housing 500 40.000 (baseline 20.000) by Q4 2022 dwellings within the category of social housing receiving a grant for renovation, with an objective of achieving at least 30% of energy savings on average.
Not implemented Investment C4.I1: Innovate for the green transition Launch of calls for proposals or calls for interest.
Not implemented Investment C7.I11: Support for cultural sectors and heritage renovations 16 Among others, it includes the Press Section and the Book Sector Plans. The Press Sector Plan shall support the following (out of five sub-actions): (1) support in the modernization of broadcasters who wish to renovate their sales area or optimise their management of press products; and (2) a fund for ecological transition to finance research and development projects aimed at reducing the carbon footprint of the sector and at offering innovative solutions to support the transition of the sector. Report to be provided by the French Government providing evidence of completion. The Book Sector Plan shall support the following (out of three sub-actions): (1) the general library decentralization allocation shall be temporarily reinforced in order to extend opening hours and make structural investments. These investments shall finance in particular the renovation work and the upgrading of the buildings’ thermal and energy standards. Report to be provided by the French Government providing evidence of completion.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Reform C1.R1: Housing policy   Entry into force of the legislative changes to the Pinel tax credit to improve its efficiency in view of increasing housing offer in areas where the market in under strain, and adoption and entry into force of the legislative changes to the PTZ scheme.
Not implemented Investment C9.I2: Modernisation and restructuring of hospitals and health care supply 1 250 800 by Q1 2023 establishments to which the ARS (Regional Health Agency) has allocated credits investments in technical installations, equipment or light renovation. Cumulative calculation: number of different health care institutions that received these credits.
Not implemented Investment C1.I3: Thermal renovation of public buildings 3 800 20 million m² of floors of public sites belonging to the State where energy renovation has been completed, with an objective of achieving at least 30% of energy savings on average.
Not implemented Investment C1.I4: Energy renovation of very small enterprises (VSEs) and small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) 120 5.000 companies benefiting from the tax credit for the energy renovation of VSEs and SMEs buildings of tertiary use and/or support from chambers of trade and crafts (CMA) and chambers of commerce and industry (CCI).
Not implemented Investment C4.I1: Innovate for the green transition Award of the contracts – implementing decision of the Prime Minister.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment C1.I3: Thermal renovation of public buildings 3 800 (1) 28,75 million m² of floors of public sites belonging to the State where energy renovation has been completed, with an objective of achieving at least 30% of energy savings on average; (2) 681 schools, colleges or high schools where the energy renovation works have been completed, with an objective of achieving at least 30% of energy savings on average.
Not implemented Investment C7.I11: Support for cultural sectors and heritage renovations 64.4 13 art and architecture schools renovation works completed.
Not implemented Investment C9.I2: Modernisation and restructuring of hospitals and health care supply 1 250 20 by Q4 2024 establishments for which the ARS (Regional Health Agency) has validated support investments project in the construction, energy renovation and modernization of medical establishments, for an amount exceeding EUR 20 000 000. Cumulative calculation.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment C9.I2: Modernisation and restructuring of hospitals and health care supply 1 250 1000 by Q4 2025 establishments to which the ARS (Regional Health Agency) has allocated credits investments in technical installations, equipment or light renovation. Cumulative calculation: number of different health care institutions that received these credits.
Not implemented Investment C9.I2: Modernisation and restructuring of hospitals and health care supply 1 250 30 (baseline 20) by Q2 2026 establishments for which the ARS (Regional Health Agency) has validated support investments project in the construction, energy renovation and modernization of medical establishments, for an amount exceeding EUR 20 000 000. Cumulative calculation.
Not implemented Investment C9.I3: Renovation of medico-social establishments 1 250 36.000 accommodation units built or renovated in EHPAD, or homes for the elderly or dependent persons.

All information has been extracted from the Study: “E3G. (2021). Renovate2Recover: How transformational are the National Recovery Plans for Buildings Renovation?” and the European Commission’s Recovery and Resilience Scoreboard.