Last update: 23 August 2022

Buildings in the content of the Plan (extracted from the REC/E3G Italian Country Profile)


Italy’s NRRP draws on €235bn in total, of which €191.5bn is from the EU Recovery & Resilience Facility, with the remainder coming from complementary national funds and the REACT-EU Fund. According to Green Recovery Tracker analysis, €33.75bn (14.4%) of the total has been allocated to the buildings component of the Plan. Approximately €22bn is allocated to renovation, of which €15bn is funded through the NRRP. The measures that can be counted as contributing towards energy efficiency renovations make up €8.6bn. The majority (€4.7bn) is directed towards energy efficiency and seismic engineering of private and public housing through the existing ‘Ecobonus’ and ‘Sismabonus’ incentive schemes. They have been augmented by a new ‘Superbonus’ scheme, which offers 110% tax rebate for the purchase cost of technologies such as insulation of the building envelope, heat pumps and new boilers, solar PV and co-generation, and home automation. The scheme runs until the end of 2022. €3.9bn is allocated to school buildings requalification and safety. Other measures include the construction of new kindergartens, schools, and social housing, as well as improving cinemas, theatres and museums. Green Recovery Tracker analysis suggests that the overall impact on climate is not currently assessable for a majority of this funding.

Read the full Italian Country Profile here.

Disbursements’ timeline


  • 2021-08-13: The European Commission disbursed €24.9 billion in pre-financing to Italy (13% of its financial allocation under the RRF, fully consisting of grants). It is split in EUR 8.954.466.787 in grants and EUR 15.938.235.352 in loans.
  • 2021-12-22: Italy and the European Commission sign the Operational Arrangements.
  • 2021-12-30: Italy submitted the first payment request of €21 billion (net of pre-financing). This first payment request relates to 51 milestones covering several reforms.
  • 2022-02-28: The Commission published a positive preliminary assessment of the satisfactory fulfilment of all 51 milestones and targets in relation to the first payment request.
  • 2022-04-14: The Commission disbursed the first payment of €21 billion to Italy.
  • 2021-06-29: Italy submitted the second payment request of €21 billion (net of pre-financing). This second payment request relates to 45 milestones covering several reforms.

Indicative timeline for future payment requests (based on the signed operational arrangements)


Payment Request for the First Instalment EUR 11.494.252.874
EUR 12.643.678.161 (loan)
Q4 2021
Payment Request for the Second Instalment EUR 11.494.252.874
EUR 12.643.678.161 (loan)
Q2 2022
Payment Request for the Third Instalment EUR 11.494.252.874
EUR 10.344.827.586 (loan)
Q4 2022
Payment Request for the Fourth Instalment EUR 2.298.850.575
EUR 16.091.954.023 (loan)
Q2 2023
Payment Request for the Fifth Instalment EUR 8.045.977.011
EUR 12.643.678.161 (loan)
Q4 2023
Payment Request for the Sixth Instalment EUR 2.298.850.575
EUR 10.344.827.586 (loan)
Q2 2024
Payment Request for the Seventh Instalment EUR 6.321.839.080
EUR 14.942.528.736 (loan)
Q4 2024
Payment Request for the Eight Instalment EUR 2.298.850.575
EUR 10.344.827.586 (loan)
Q2 2025
Payment Request for the Ninth Instalment EUR 4.597.701.149
EUR 10.344.827.586 (loan)
Q4 2025
Payment Request for the Tenth Instalment EUR 8.535.686.161
EUR 12.256.982.814 (loan)
Q2 2026

Table of buildings' measures (categorised under their specific instalments)


Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Implemented Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprises 893 (loan)
Implemented Investment 2.1: Strengthening of the Ecobonus and Sismabonus until 110% for energy efficiency and building safety 12 053 The legal act(s) shall extend the Ecobonus and Sismabonus benefits until 31 December 2022 for condominiums and 30 June 2023 for social housing (IACP).
Implemented Reform 1.7: Reform of student housing regulation and investment in student housing 960 (loan) Entry into force of legislation to amend the current rules for student housing.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment 6: Innovation Programme for Housing Quality (loan) Signing of agreements.
Not implemented Investment 2.1: Attractiveness of Small Historic Towns 560 Entry into  force of the Ministry of Culture decree for  the allocation of resources to municipalities for the  attractiveness of Small Historic Towns.
Not implemented Reform 1.1: Simplification and acceleration of procedures for energy efficiency interventions (1) Launching of the national portal for the energy efficiency of buildings; (2) Strengthening of the activities of the information and training plan aimed at the civil sector; (3) Updating and strengthening of the National Fund for energy efficiency; (4) Accelerating the implementation phase of projects financed by the Central Public Redevelopment Programme EPAC program.
Not implemented Investment 1.1: Community Health Houses to improve territorial health assistance 1 600 (loan) Approval of an Institutional Development Contract.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprises 893 (loan)
Not implemented Reform 1.7: Reform of student housing regulation and investment in student housing 960 (loan) (1) At least 7 500 additional sleeping accommodation units (beds) created and assigned and (2) entry into force of the reform on student housing legislation.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment 7: Sport and Social Inclusion 350 (loan) Notification of the award of public contracts.
Not implemented Investment 3.1: Development of the film industry (Cinecittà project) (loan) Signature of the contract between the implementing entity Istituto Luce Studios and the companies in relation to the construction of nine studios.
Not implemented Investment 2.1: Strengthening of the Ecobonus and Sismabonus until 110% for energy efficiency and building safety 12 053 Complete building renovation (13 400 000 square meters): (i) at least 12 000 000 square meters which result in primary energy savings of at least 40% and increasing at least two categories in the energy efficiency certificate, (ii) renovate at least 1 400 000 square meters for anti-seismic purposes.
Not implemented Investment 1.1: Plan for nurseries and preschools and early childhood education and care services Award of contract and territorial distribution.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment 1.3: Improve energy efficiency, in cinema, theatres and museums 210 (loan) 80 interventions concluded as proved by the certification of regular execution of the works. The type of interventions to be completed include: (1) technical and economic-financial planning, energy audits, initial environmental analyses, environmental impact assessment, reliefs and assessments aimed at identifying critical issues, identification of the consequent interventions for the improvement of energy performance; (2) interventions on the building envelope; (3) interventions of replacement/acquisition of equipment, tools, systems, devices, digital application software, as well as accessory instrumentation for their operation, the acquisition of patents, licenses and know-how; (4) installation of intelligent systems for remote control, regulation, management, monitoring and optimisation of energy consumption (smart buildings) and polluting emissions also through the use of technological mixes.
Not implemented Investment 1.1: Construction of new schools through building replacement and energy upgrading plan 800 (loan) Notification of the award of all public contracts.
Not implemented Investment 1.2: Efficiency of judicial sites: Construction of buildings, requalification and strengthening of real estate assets of the administration of justice in an ecological vein 114 (loan) Notification of the award of all public contracts.
Not implemented Investment 2.2: Interventions for the resilience, the enhancement of the territory and the energy efficiency of the Municipalities 3 000 (loan)

 

 

 

 

 

Complete at least 7 500 interventions for small public works. At least 30% of investments for small public works completed in municipalities are dedicated to energy efficiency of public lighting, of public buildings and/or at the installation of systems for the production of energy from renewable sources
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment 1.3: School Sports Infrastructure Enhancement Plan Award of contracts.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment 2.1: Attractiveness of Small Historic Towns 560 (loan) 1300 interventions concluded for the enhancement of cultural and tourist sites, demonstrated by individual certificates of regular execution (restoration and redevelopment of cultural heritage, buildings intended for cultural and tourist services, small tourist infrastructures). 37% of the interventions shall be carried out in less developed regions. The satisfactory fulfilment of the target also depends on the support of at least 1 800 SMEs for projects in the Small Historic Towns.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment 1.3: Improve energy efficiency, in cinema, theatres and museums 210 420 interventions: 55 interventions on State museums and cultural sites, 230 theatrical halls and 135 cinemas concluded with the certification of regular execution of the works.
Not implemented Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprises 893 (loan) Support to at least 150 tourism projects and disbursement to the Fund of EUR 350 000 000. In detail: (1) At least 12 real estate properties redeveloped for tourism by the National tourism fund which could reach 17 real estate properties considering the leverage effect: (2) At least 3500 tourism enterprises supported by the tax credit for infrastructures and/or services; (3) A least 11 800 tourism enterprises supported by SME’s Guarantee Fund. The beneficiaries of the SME’s Guarantee Fund shall be SMEs in the tourism sector and young people under 35 years of age who want to set up a new business in the tourism sector: (4) At least 300 enterprises supported by Fondo Rotativo that shall include energy requalification interventions, interventions on the building envelope and renovation, interventions of full or partial replacement of air conditioning systems, interventions for the adoption of anti-seismic measures.
Not implemented Investment 2.1: Strengthening of the Ecobonus and Sismabonus until 110% for energy efficiency and building safety 12 053 Complete building renovation (35 800 000 square meters): (i) at least 32 000 000 squaremeters which result in primary energy savings of at least 40% increasing at least two categories in the energy efficiency certificate; (ii) renovate at least 3 800 000 square meters for antiseismic purposes.
Not implemented Investment 1.1: Plan for nurseries and preschools and early childhood education and care services At least 264 480 new places created for educational and early childhood care services (from zero to six years old). With the plan for the construction and redevelopment of kindergartens, the goal is to increase the available places, enhancing the zero to six years old educational service.
Progress Measure Estimated Costs (EUR m) Milestone
Not implemented Investment 1.1: Construction of new schools through building replacement and energy upgrading plan 800 (loan) The plan is expected to target 195 school buildings, with a total of 410 thousand m². Completion of the construction of at least 400 000 square meters of new schools through building replacement  resulting in primary energy consumption being at least 20% lower than the Nearly Zero Energy Buildings requirement
Not implemented Investment 1.2: Efficiency of judicial sites: Construction of buildings, requalification and strengthening of real estate assets of the administration of justice in an ecological vein 114 (loan) Construction of buildings,requalification and strengthening of real estate assets of the administration of justice of atleast 289 000 square meters.
Investment 2.2: Interventions for the resilience, the enhancement of the territory and the energy efficiency of the Municipalities 3 000 (loan) Complete at least 30 000 interventions for small public works. At least 30% of investments for small public works realized in municipalities are dedicated to energy efficiency of public lighting, of public buildings and/or at the installation of systems for the production of energy from renewable sources
Investment 6: Innovation Programme for Housing Quality  (loan) Support to at least 10 000 housing units supported (in terms of both construction and rehabilitation). The satisfactory fulfilment of the target also depends on the satisfactory fulfilment of a secondary target that is covering at least 800,000 squared meters of public spaces.
Investment 3.1: Development of the film industry (Cinecittà project) 165 + 65 (loan) Construction of thirteen new studios and renovation of four existing theatres.

 

Investment 1.2: Plan for the extension of full-time At least 1 000 structures that can facilitate the extension of school time and the opening of schools to the territory beyond school hours: to build and upgrade canteens with the aim of increasing the number of structure that facilitate the extension of school time and the opening up of schools to the territory beyond school hours.
Investment 1.3: School Sports Infrastructure Enhancement Plan At least 230 400 Sqm built or renovated to be used as gyms or sports facilities attached to schools. National register of school buildings and data deriving from the GPU monitoring of , valid on the national three-year program.
Investment 3.3: School building security and structural rehabilitation plan At least 2 784 000 Sqm of school buildings are restored. With the plan for structural and energy redevelopment for school buildings, it is expected to redevelop a total surface of 2 784 000 Sqm, corresponding to at least to 2 100 school buildings.
Reform 1.7: Reform of student housing regulation and investment in student housing 960 (loan) It aims to add 65,500 of sleeping accommodations to the current 40,000, thus significantly reducing Italy’s gap with the EU average regarding the share of students provided with housing facilities (18% against the current 3% in Italy). The investment shall not include the procurement of natural gas boilers.
Investment 7: Sport and Social Inclusion 350 (loan) At least 100 interventions related to the contracts concerning sport facilities.

The satisfactory fulfilment of the target also depends on the satisfactory fulfilment of a secondary target: the interventions completed shall cover an area of at least 200,000 squared meters.

Investment 1.1: Community Health Houses to improve territorial health assistance 1 600 (loan) The investment project consists in the establishment and operationalisation of at least 1 250 Community Health Houses, through the activation, development and aggregation of primary care services and implementing (energy efficient) assistance delivery centres for an integrated response to care needs.

All information has been extracted from the Study: “E3G. (2021). Renovate2Recover: How transformational are the National Recovery Plans for Buildings Renovation?” and the European Commission’s Recovery and Resilience Scoreboard.